By: Maarten Sengers
Here is a rundown of changes to US Government trade control policy for certain countries:
India and Pakistan ITAR Licensing Policy
In a Federal Register Notice dated June 20, DDTC declared that defense export licenses to India and Pakistan would now be reviewed on a case-by-case basis. According to information posted on the www.pmddtc.state.gov website, the previous licensing policy had been one of denial.
Rwanda Licensing Policy Changes
Both DDTC and EAR changed their regulations to loosen restrictions surrounding the lifting of the UN Arms Embargo on Rwanda. The ITAR changes essentially enunciate a new case-by-case license policy for the Government of Rwanda only. For all non-Government exports, all other 126.1 ITAR proscribed country restrictions remain, including a policy of denial for licenses. Likewise, exemptions may not be used for non-Government end users.
On July 29, 2003, President Bush issued an Executive Order that place further trade restrictions on Burma (a.k.a. Myanmar). Previous to this order, the Foreign Assets Control regulations restricted investment by US firms in Burma. The Executive Order expands Burma trade restrictions. First the order freezes all assets of the Government of Burma that enter the US or are in the possession of US Persons (which includes US branch offices overseas). Second, all imports from Burma into the United States (but not exports or reexports to Burma) are prohibited effective August 28, 2003. The order also prohibits the export or import of financial services. The order contains restrictions of any facilitation of any activity by a third person that a US person could not engage in.
So you may continue to export commercial products to Burma, but dealing with the Government and Government entities will be tricky as Government assets are frozen and related financial services, such as confirming or negotiating a Letter of Credit, are restricted. No barter deals: imports into the US from Burma will soon be prohibited. Burma continues to remain an ITAR proscribed country, so defense article exports are prohibited.
On June 27, OFAC formally amended its regulations on Iraq that now basically allow most EAR99 and “xx991” export and reexports to Iraq under a General License. We described these changes last month, and this regulation adds nothing new.