Select Page
The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has implemented changes to the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and the Commerce Control List (CCL) to implement changes made to the Wasaenaar Arrangement List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies (WA List) which were agreed upon by all the governments participating in the Wassenaar Arrangement at the December 2017 Plenary meeting. This ruling also includes associated changes to the EAR and a few corrections. The rule became effective on October 24, 2018.

Relevant CCL Changes (final rule revised 50 ECCNS, ECCNs with editorial changes excluded below):

  • Category 0—Nuclear Materials, Facilities, and Equipment [and Miscellaneous Items] 0A617 Miscellaneous ‘‘Equipment’’, Materials, and Related Commodities
    • 0A617 paragraph y.3, containers for shipping or packing defense articles or items controlled by ‘‘600 series’’ ECCNs, is amended by narrowing the scope to International Organization for Standardization (ISO) intermodal containers or demountable vehicle bodies (i.e., swap bodies), but also expands the scope beyond ‘‘specially designed’’ by adding ‘‘or modified’’. As the term ‘modified’ is in single quotes, BIS is also adding the technical note that defines ‘modified,’ which was already existing text in Wassenaar Arrangement Military List of 2017 (WAML 17).
  • Category 1—Special Materials and Related Equipment, Chemicals, ‘‘Microorganisms’’, and ‘‘Toxins’’
    • 1C001: Subparagraph b is amended by moving the phrase ‘‘not transparent to visible light’’ to the beginning and adding more descriptive text ‘‘near-infrared radiation having a wavelength’’ to clarify the scope of the control. Also, the parameters are changed from ‘‘1.5 × 1014 Hz’’ to ‘‘810 nm’’ and ‘‘3.7 × 1014 Hz’’ to ‘‘2,000 nm (frequencies exceeding 150 THz but less than 370 THz)’’. (The frequency band is changed to the equivalent wavelength band to make the parameter easier to understand and not to change the scope of control.)
    • 1C608: WA agreed to add a Note specifying that WAML 8.c.1 does not apply to aircraft fuels—JP–4, JP–5 and JP–8. This rule adds this Note below 1C608.n ‘‘Any explosives, ‘propellants,’ oxidizers, ‘‘pyrotechnics’’, fuels, binders, or additives . . .’’ as well as bringing forth another Note from WAML 8.c.1 that specifies that aircraft fuels specified by WAML 8.c.1 are finished products, not their constituents.
  • Category 2—Materials Processing
    • 2A001 Note 2 at the beginning of the Items paragraph is amended by adding ‘‘(or national equivalents)’’, in order to help efficiently classify bearings using national standards that are equivalent to ISO 3290 as grade 5. 2B001 Machine Tools.
    • 2B006 heading is revised to add ‘‘position feedback units’’ and ‘‘electronic assemblies’’ to more accurately describe the scope of controls in Items paragraph .b.
      • Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) systems formerly in 2B006.b.1.b are moved to 2B206.d and no longer have a national security control.
    • 2B007 paragraph .a ‘‘[Robots] capable in real-time of full three-dimensional image processing or full three dimensional ‘‘scene analysis’’ to generate or modify ‘‘programs’’ or to generate or modify numerical program data’’ is removed and reserved because of insufficient connection to military capabilities. Robots of national security concern are controlled under 2B007.b, .c and .d.
    • 2B008 heading is amended by replacing ‘‘assemblies or units’’ with ‘compound rotary tables’ and ‘‘tilting spindles’’, as well as removing ‘‘or dimensional inspection or measuring systems and equipment’’ to align with revisions made to the List of Items Controlled in this ECCN.
      • Item paragraphs .a (linear position feedback units) and .b (rotary position feedback units) are removed and reserved, because this rule moves these items to 2B006.b.2 and .c, respectively.
      • Item paragraph .c is amended by replacing and cascading the parameter paragraphs, as well as moving the definition for ‘compound rotary table’ from part 772 to a Technical Note under this Item paragraph.
    • 2B206 is amended by adding Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) systems to Item paragraph .d, because this item is removed from 2B006.b.1.b. While LVDT systems are no longer controlled for national security reasons, they are still on the Nuclear Supplier’s Group (NSG) list under 1.B.3.b.2 and remain controlled for nuclear nonproliferation reasons on the CCL.
    • 2E003 paragraph .a (‘‘technology’’ for the ‘‘development’’ of interactive graphics as an integrated part in ‘‘numerical control’’ units for preparation or modification of part programs) is removed and reserved because of the advancement of technology.
      • Item paragraph .a is removed from License Exception TSR.
    • Category 3—Electronics Product Group A. ‘‘End Items’’, ‘‘Equipment’’, ‘‘Accessories’’, ‘‘Attachments’’, ‘‘Parts’’, ‘‘Components’’, and ‘‘Systems’’
      • 3A001 is amended by replacing ‘‘Electrical Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memories (EEPROMS), flash memories, and MRAMs’’ with ‘non-volatile memories’ and adding a Technical Note to define ‘non-volatile memories,’ to provide a more generic term for these types of memory integrated circuits.
        • Paragraph a.5.a ‘‘ADCs’’ and the Technical Note below a.5.a are amended by replacing the term ‘‘output rate’’ with the ‘‘sample rate’’ as measured points at the input, except for oversampling (defined as output sample rate), and the Technical Note identifies common ways manufacturers specify ‘sample rate.’ The definition for ‘‘sample rate’’ is added to part 772 ‘‘Definition of Terms. . . .’’
        • Item paragraph a.5.b.2.a, ‘‘settling time’’ parameter, is amended by adding ‘‘arrive at or within’’ to clarify the potentially ambiguous parameter with common usage and understanding of DAC specifications, so that it will not be misinterpreted to mean the time to deviate by the specific amount from the original level.
        • Intensity, amplitude, or phase electrooptic modulators, designed for analog signals, including electro-optic modulators having optical input and output connectors are added to new paragraph 3A001.i to address photonic components for analog Radio Frequency (RF) over fiber antenna remoting, and analog RF distribution of signals. One of the parameters for these items is ‘halfwave voltage’ (‘Vp’), which is defined in a Technical Note below the new paragraph. These items will be eligible for License Exception GBS; therefore, the GBS paragraph is revised to add Item paragraph .i.
      • 3A002 frequency parameter is raised from ‘‘exceeding 10 MHz’’ to ‘‘exceeding 40 MHz’’ for signal analyzers having a 3 dB resolution bandwidth (RBW) in Item paragraph c.1
      • 3B001 Mask ‘‘substrate blanks’’ with multilayer reflector structure consisting of molybdenum and silicon being ‘‘specially designed’’ for ‘Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV)’ lithography and being compliant with SEMI Standard P37 are added to new paragraph 3B001.j, because mask ‘‘substrate blanks’’ and the subsequent substrate blank with multilayer reflector structure are critical materials for EUV lithography 7. EUV lithography opens up integrated circuit fabrication at the most advanced state-of-the-art technology node. The definition for ‘Extreme Ultraviolet (EUV)’ is added to a Technical Note below Item paragraph j.2.
      • 3B002 Test Equipment ‘‘Specially Designed’’ for Testing Finished or Unfinished Semiconductor Devices Item paragraph .a is revised from ‘‘For testing S-parameters of transistor device at frequencies exceeding 31.8 GHz’’ to read ‘‘For testing S-parameters of items specified by 3A001.b.3’’ to remove potential overlapping controls for network analyzers (which measure Sparameters) described in 3A002.e, to harmonize the control text of equipment for testing S-parameters of transistors specified in paragraphs 3A001.b.3.a and 3A001.b.3.b (i.e., transistors that are below 31.8 GHz), and to remove ambiguity regarding the meaning of the phrase ‘‘transistor devices’’ by substituting the unambiguous reference to transistors specified by 3A001.b.3.
      • 3C002 wavelength for positive resists in Item paragraph a.1 is revised from ‘‘wavelengths less than 245 nm . . . .’’ to ‘‘wavelengths less than 193 nm . . . .’’ in order to match the material control with the lithography equipment parameters in 3B001.f.1.a.
      • 3C005 heading revised to move the items that were in the Heading to Items paragraph .a. Polycrystalline ‘‘substrates’’ or polycrystalline ceramic ‘‘substrates’’ are added to Item paragraph .b, because there are both military and commercial applications for microwave transistors fabricated on the engineered substrates. These newly added substrates will be controlled for NS:2 and AT:1 and have License Exception LVS ($3,000), GBS and CIV eligibility.
      • 3C006 heading is amended by adding ‘‘Materials, not specified by 3C001, consisting of a’’ at the beginning of the Heading in order to clarify the scope of the control.
        • The former language of 3C001, 3C005 and 3C006 has common elements that have led to some confusion around the control of silicon carbide wafers.
        • 3C992 heading is amended by replacing the wavelength range from ‘‘370 and 245 nm’’ to ‘‘370 and 193 nm.’’
      • 3E001 Note 3 is added to exclude from 3E001 ‘Process Design Kits’ (‘PDKs’) unless they include libraries implementing functions or technologies for items specified by 3A001. A Technical Note is added below Note 3 to define ‘Process Design Kit’ (‘PDK’). PDKs do not provide knowledge about production tools.
    • Category 4—Computers
      • 4A003 Adjusted Peak Performance (APP) is raised from ‘‘exceeding 16 WT’’ to ‘‘exceeding 29 WT’’ in Item paragraph .b and in accordance with this revision the APP is raised to 29 in the AT control text in the License Requirements table and in two places in the Note to the table.
      • 4D001 Adjusted Peak Performance (APP) is raised from 16 Weighted TeraFLOPs (WT) to 29 WT in License Exceptions TSR and STA in accordance with the new APP level in 4A003.b. The APP control level is raised from ‘‘exceeding 8 WT’’ to ‘‘exceeding 15 WT’’ in Item paragraph b.1. These revisions continue to address the need to track incremental (e.g., ‘‘Moore’s Law’’) improvements in microprocessor technology.
    • Category 5—Part 1— ‘‘Telecommunications’’
      • 5A001 In the NS Column 1 paragraph of the License Requirements table, the order of the referenced Item paragraphs is corrected. For telecommunications equipment specially designed to withstand transitory electronic effects or electromagnetic pulse effects, the temperature range parameters is changed from ‘‘to operate outside the temperature range from 218K (-55 °C) to 397 K (124 °C)’’ to ‘‘below 218K (-55°C)’’ in Item paragraph a.3 or ‘‘above 397 K (124 °C)’’ in new Item paragraph a.4, which does not change the scope of control, but seeks to make the text easier to understand.
        • Because of technology advances, phased array antennae are increasingly being developed for civil telecommunications applications, including cellular, WLAN, 802.15, and wireless HDMI. Exclusion Note 2 is added in order to remove from control phased array antennae specially designed for those purposes.
      • Category 5—Part 2
        • 5A002 Paragraph .a is amended by replacing the phrase ‘‘where that cryptographic capability is usable without ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ or has been activated’’ with the phrase ‘‘where that cryptographic capability is usable, has been activated, or can be activated by means of ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ not employing a secure mechanism’’. The revision clarified that an item is controlled if (1) the ‘cryptography for data confidentially’ is usable from the beginning regardless of ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ (i.e., not dormant), (2) the cryptographic capability was previously dormant but is now usable (whether by ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ or by other means; or (3) the ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ mechanism is not secure (i.e., the cryptographic capability is not securely kept dormant). Items paragraph .b is amended by replacing ‘‘to enable’’ an item with ‘‘for converting’’ an item and replacing ‘‘to achieve or exceed the controlled performance levels for functionality specified by 5A002.a that would not otherwise be enabled’’ with ‘‘not specified by Category 5 —Part 2 into an item specified by 5A002.a or 5D002.c.1, and not released by the Cryptography Note (Note 3 in Category 5—Part 2), or for enabling, by means of ‘‘cryptographic activation’’, additional functionality specified by 5A002.a of an item already specified by Category 5— Part 2’’. This clarifies that a ‘‘cryptographic activation’’ mechanism is controlled by 5A002.b in two situations: (1) It converts an item classified outside of Category 5—Part 2 into a 5A002.a item (e.g., by activating ‘cryptography for data confidentiality’ capability in an item that was previously limited to performing ‘‘authentication,’’ or by activating encryption capability which disqualifies a product from the Cryptography Note exclusion (Note 3 in Category 5—Part 2)); or (2) it enables additional functionality specified in 5A002.a in an item that was already classified in Category 5—Part 2 (e.g., making additional encryption algorithms usable by the item, or that would change the item from being eligible or described under § 740.17(b)(1) into an item described under § 740.17(b)(2) or (3)).
        • 5D002 Paragraph .b of ECCNs 5D002 and 5E002 is amended by replacing ‘‘enable’’ with ‘‘for converting’’ and replacing ‘‘to meet the criteria for functionality specified by 5A002.a, that would not otherwise be met’’ with ‘‘not specified by Category 5—Part 2 into an item specified by 5A002.a or 5D002.c.1, and not released by the Cryptography Note (Note 3 in Category 5—Part 2), or for enabling, by means of ‘‘cryptographic activation’’, additional functionality specified by 5A002.a of an item already specified by Category 5— Part 2’’. These revisions are made to create mirroring entries consistent with the changes being made to 5A002.b.
      • Category 6—Sensors and Lasers
        • 6A002 Paragraph .f is added to establish a control for Read-Out Integrated Circuits (ROICs) to ensure that certain ROICs not controlled on the Munitions List, but that provide night vision capability, are controlled. In order to maintain consistent paragraph placement with the WA List this rule adds and reserves Items paragraph .e, so that ROICs can be added to Item paragraph .f. For consistency, Items paragraph .f is added to the Regional Stability controls (RS Column 1) in the License Requirements section, because 6A990, where ROICs were formerly controlled, was controlled for RS Column 1.
        • 6A003 paragraphs a.1 (high-speed cinema recording cameras) and a.2 (mechanical high speed cameras) are removed and reserved because of the advancement of technology. Item paragraph a.3.a (mechanical streak cameras) is also removed because of the advancement of technology. As a result of this change, electronic streak cameras are moved from Item paragraph a.3.b to a.3.
        • 6A004 Dynamic wavefront measuring equipment is added to Item paragraph .f, with parameters in subparagraphs and a Technical Note at the end to define ‘‘frame rate’’. The purpose of wavefront sensing is to measure the level of the wavefront aberration as it is transferred through an optical system, regardless if the source of that aberration is the optical system itself or something external to that system. Wavefront sensors are principally used as one of the main components of adaptive optics systems where they serve to close the control loop and feed the information about the required correction to deformable mirrors and beam steering mirrors in real-time, which are also controlled in this ECCN.
        • 6A005 Item paragraph f.1 (dynamic wavefront (phase) measuring equipment) is removed and reserved, because this item is moved to ECCN 6A004.f, because of its close association to the mirrors controlled in 6A004. A Nota Bene is added to point to the new Item paragraph where this item is controlled. Item paragraph f.2 (‘‘Laser’’ diagnostic equipment) is amended by replacing ‘‘capable of measuring’’ with ‘‘specially designed for dynamic measurement of’’ and replacing ‘‘equal to or less than’’ with ‘‘and having an angular ‘‘accuracy’’ of’’ to refine the scope of the entry. The phrase ‘‘(microradians) or less (better)’’ is added after ‘‘10 mrad’’ to clarify the unit. Item paragraph f.3 (Optical equipment and components) is amended by moving the phrase ‘‘coherent beam combination’’ for better readability. The ‘‘accuracy’’ parameter is cascaded down to Item paragraph f.3.b and a new ‘‘accuracy’’ parameter is added to f.3.a, so that the equipment is controlled if it meets either of the ‘‘accuracy’’ parameters.
      • Category 9—Aerospace and Propulsion
        • 9A002 Heading is amended by revising and moving the parameter ‘‘with an ISO standard continuous power rating of 24,245 kW or more and a specific fuel consumption not exceeding 0.219 kg/ kWh in the power range from 35 to 100%’’ to the Items paragraph and adding ‘‘designed to use liquid fuel and having all of the following (see List of Items Controlled),’’ to the Heading. Two parameters are added for this ECCN: Maximum continuous power and ‘corrected specific fuel consumption’. (These revisions therefore do not change the scope of the existing control text, but rather clarify it by making it clear that the specific fuel consumption of concern applies at the ‘‘turndown performance’’ of 35%.)
        • 9A004 The scope of Item paragraph f.1 (Telemetry and telecommand equipment) is clarified by adding ‘‘specially designed’’ and two specific end uses in order to eliminate data processing equipment for mission data, such as GPS, science data, communication and broadcasting, since this data is not meant to be controlled under 9A004.f.1. The scope of Item paragraph f.2 (Simulators) is narrowed by adding ‘‘specially designed for ‘verification of operational procedures’ of ‘‘spacecraft’’.
        • 9D004 Paragraph .b (‘‘Software’’ for testing aero gas turbine engines, assemblies, ‘‘parts’’ or ‘‘components’’) is amended by removing the parameter and cascading subparagraphs with specific features or functions, such as ‘‘specially designed’’ for testing aero gas turbine engines . . . , to clarify and focus (narrow) the scope of control. A Note is added above Item paragraph .c to exclude software for operation of the test facility or operator safety, or production, repair or maintenance acceptance-testing . . .’’

Relevant EAR (Relevant changes listed below with editorial changes excluded):

  • Part 772: This rule removes 37 definitions from § 772.1 and adds them to the ECCNs where they are used. According to the WA drafting guidelines, if a term is only used in a single ECCN, then the definition must be in a Technical Note close to where that term is used.
  • Supplement No. 6 to Part 774: Sensitive List Paragraph (1)(i), ECCN 1A002, is amended by narrowing the scope from all of ECCN 1A002 to only subparagraph a.1 ‘‘ ‘‘Composite’’ structures or laminates made from an organic ‘‘matrix’’ and ‘‘fibrous or filamentary materials’’ specified by 1C010.c or 1C010.d’’, because the rest of the items in ECCN 1A002 do not warrant control on the Sensitive List as they are not key technologies.
  • Supplement No. 7 to Part 774: Very Sensitive List Paragraph (1)(i), ECCN 1A002, is amended by narrowing the scope from subparagraph .a to subparagraph a.1 (‘‘Composite’’ structures or laminates made from an organic ‘‘matrix’’ and ‘‘fibrous or filamentary materials’’ specified by 1C010.c or 1C0010.d), because the rest of the items in ECCN 1A002.a do not warrant control on the Sensitive List as they are not key technologies.
  • Section 740.16: License Exception APR is amended to remove a reference to ECCN 6A990 in paragraphs (a)(2) and (b)(2)(v), because ECCN 6A990 is removed from the CCL by this rule. ROICs are now specified in 6A002.f.
  • Section 740.20 License Exception STA is amended to remove reference to ECCNs 6A990 and 6E990 from paragraph (b)(2)(x), because these ECCNs are removed from the CCL. ROICs are now specified in 6A002.f and ROIC technology is specified in ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002.
  • Section 742.6: Regional Stability Paragraph (b)(1)(ii) is amended by removing reference to ECCN 6E990, because this ECCN is removed by this rule. ROIC technology is now controlled under ECCNs 6E001 and 6E002.
  • Section 744.9: Restrictions on Exports, Reexports, and Transfers (In-Country) of Certain Cameras, Systems, or Related Components Section 744.9 is amended by removing reference to ECCN 6A990 from paragraphs (a) and (b), because this ECCN is removed from the CCL. ROICs are now controlled under ECCN 6A002.f.

Federal Register Notice: https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2018-10-24/pdf/2018-22163.pdf